Complications and Prevention of stroke

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Complications and Prevention of stroke

Stroke is a life threatening condition that requires immediate medical attention. If the symptoms are recognized and treatment is administered immediately,damage can be limited. The severity of the complication of stroke can vary, depending on how long the brain was deprived of blood and the part of the brain that was affected. Stroke can cause temporal or permanent disabilities.
Some of the complications include:

  • Paralysis
  • Difficulty in walking
  • Difficulty in talking or swallowing
  • Loss of memory

Prevention of Stroke

Prevention is better than cure. All it takes is to know the risk factors and prevent them by living a healthy lifestyle. This lifestyle is also recommended for the prevention of heart diseases. They are:

1 Have a normal weight
Always Calculate your Body Mass Index (BMI) in order to help you determine if you are underweight, normal, overweight or obese. Overweight and obesity are risk factors for hypertension, heart diseases and obesity which in turn are risk factors for stroke. Learn how to control your weight in order to reduce your risk of developing stroke in the future.

2 Exercise regularly
Exercise is very important in life. It helps in keeping our weight under control, keeps us active and helps in bringing down high blood pressure. It has been recommended that we put in at least 150 minutes of exercise every week.

3 Do not drink alcohol in excess
Excessive consumption of alcohol is a risk factor for stroke. It is important to drink the recommended units of alcohol in order to stay healthy. what quantity of alcohol consumption is considered normal?

4 Eat less Junk food and more fruits and vegetables
The dietary approach to stop hypertension recommends that we eat more fruits and vegetables. This will help in preventing hypertension which is a risk factor for stroke.
5 control your high blood pressure
High blood pressure is the leading cause of ischaemic stroke. Reducing your blood pressure is the most important thing to do when preventing the occurrence of stroke. In order to reduce your blood pressure, you must make certain lifestyle changes such as eating more fruits and vegetables, exercising regularly, limiting your intake of foods that raise blood pressure, avoiding high amounts of sodium and limiting your intake of alcohol.

6 Control your diabetes
If you are a diabetic, learn to control your blood sugar level. You can control your diabetes by eating foods with a lower glycemic index, eat more fruits and vegetables, exercise regularly and take your medications as prescribed by your health care practitioner.

7 Consider quitting tobacco use
Those who smoke tobacco should consider quitting as this reduces the risk of developing stroke.

8 Reduce your consumption of bad cholesterol
You can reduce your consumption of bad cholesterol by eating healthy foods and limiting the intake of foods that contain saturated fats.

9 Treat sleep apnea if it is Present
your health care provider will guide you on the management and treatment of sleep apnea.


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